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凤凰古城
凤凰纵览 湘西缴匪 旅游交通 旅游线路 凤凰酒店 景点?#29260;?/a> 旅游咨询
关田山苗寨 凤凰乌龙山 老洞苗寨 陈斗南宅院 猛洞河漂流 西门峡漂流 凤凰九景 南方长城

凤 凰 风 情

凤 凰 美 食

凤 凰 工 艺

凤 凰 人 物

凤 凰 购 物

凤 凰 图 片

凤 凰 地 图

小说边城


   
 
凤凰民族工艺
蜡 染
凤凰蜡染原始古朴分为两大流派:一为土家族蜡染印花布:一为苗族蜡染土布土家蜡染印花注重配色纯净讲究立意构图成形的布料呈花异彩流布幅面艺术风格特异纯美突出的工艺特点为热色:苗族蜡染土布注重染色纯不讲究华美雕饰给人一种自然纯净的艺术感突出的工艺特点为冷色

蜡染印花布的制成是把倭雕成各种空白花孔图形的软?#26223;?#25110;硬纸板模具铺放在白布上把蜡汁溶液灌人花模空白处 待干后 采用当地自然生长的一种染汁液含量较高的植物制成染?#33322;?#34892;浸染 除去防染蜡后 ?#32431;上?#29616;出蓝白相间的花纹?#21450;浮?#34593;染士布的做法是直接?#32654;?#27713;溶液在土布上画出所需?#21450;?#25110;写出字体然后放入染液缸冷浸染色氧化高温脱蜡?#26639;?#21363;成

凤凰蜡染自然形成的两大流派工艺色彩各异但共同的特点是纯朴典雅立意简略清晰其成因主要在于表现地域习俗的差异和人民群众生活意愿的取向

凤凰人?#19981;队?#36825;种蜡染印花布做被面门帘?#24459;选?#26517;头桌布等民间染匠也异军突起声名远扬的当数文星街的刘大炮他所染就的印花布堪称湘西一绝另外像熊承早的蜡染作品傅元庆的中国古文字蜡染书法等?#38469;木?#21151;力别具特色深受各界人士?#26420;?/p>

凤凰蜡染历史悠久源远流长其独特的民族风格?#22242;?#37057;的地方色?#39135;?#28385;艺术的魅力远销日本香港等地享誉中外有很高的收藏价值和艺术欣?#22270;?#20540;

 
石 雕
石雕是我县的民间传统工艺之一突出表现在石坐石鼓石狮石龙石人石桌等工艺品随着市场经济的发展旅游业的兴起石雕生产也随之发展兴旺起来冷落了数十年的石雕工艺又在市场上火红起来在古城凤凰现在已有多家石雕经营最主要的是石碑经营著名石雕家陈启义近年来雕刻创作了大量的石雕作品大成殿的御路九龙戏云图就是他的作品他的石雕艺术精细刀法纯熟线路清晰构图别致精巧堪为古城文化一绝
 
?#37202;?石
凤凰县的地形奇特多山丘多峡?#21462;?#22810;溶洞为奇石的采集及收藏提供了极为有利的条件随着市场经济的发展随着旅游业的兴起奇石的出售有了一定的市场目前古城区已有四家奇石出售商店品种最多内容丰富的有田喜平一家田喜平的奇石店可用奇怪巧?#39304;?#22810;几个字来概括它代表了古奇石出售的最大特点
 
纸扎艺术
纸扎艺术本县的纸扎工艺有很高的艺术水平一百多年以前这一民间工艺就已经繁荣起来清末至民国初期县城有10多家纸扎铺子散在大街虹桥东正街十?#32440;?#31561;处

纸扎工艺的主要材料是竹块篾条木棍等 扎成各种人物动物花草虫鱼用具等形象 糊?#20113;?#32440;施加彩绘形象逼真维妙维肖以前南门外的向哑子标营的侯应龙能制作各种纸鸢飞鹰蝴蝶虾蟹蟆蛤美人戏曲人物物 工艺精湛正街的滕老?#23567;?#21313;?#32440;?#30340;刘棒吾聂方俊等?#38469;?#32440;扎的高手

 
扎 染
扎染?#27801;?#20026;蜡染的姊姐艺术但它的特殊工艺性能突出表现在手扎制作方面用?#21672;?#30340;线绳在纯白光滑的布料上扎制好形象各异的花纹?#21450;浮?#39134;鸟虫鱼等置人已准备好的蓝能溶液里浸煮放于通风透光处晒绳那一幅幅形象逼真的图像便出现在你眼前最后再做些防止脱麓的?#38469;?#24615;加工处理整个工序便告完成近年来凤凰扎染工艺日臻精湛张桂英吴花花等人的扎染作品以其丰富的内容?#21152;?#19968;席之地
 
挑 花
挑花是一种?#38469;?#24615;较强?#35759;?#22823;的工艺操作它是用白布或浅兰色布和青线作原料挑花没有底样只是把布料固定在预先做好的四方竹架上然后就在布料上用青线随手挑出形象逼真的?#21450;浮?#29616;在苗族?#20061;?#20013;擅长挑花的已为数不多
 
苗族锉花
凤凰苗族?#20061;?#29992;铿刀刻制的各种服饰及装饰花样的总称制作独特工艺精美?#21450;?#20016;富所选题材有龙凤呈祥凤穿牡丹花开富?#34758;?#21313;二生肖等因为主要是用铿刀刻制而成所以具有浮雕般的审美效果著名的铿花艺人?#24418;?#20845;爱吴花红石茂花可以说铿花也是一种极为稀少而珍贵的手工艺术为当地苗族?#20061;?#25152;独有其它地方很难?#19994;?/td>
 
剪 纸
剪纸是用作刺绣的底样它的?#21450;?#21644;刺绣完全相同从事剪纸的大多是苗族民间艺人剪纸以剪为主兼用扎挑等复杂的手工劳动来完成?#21450;浮?#31166;库乡排云村剪纸能手吴香英的剪纸工艺尤为精湛品种繁多深受?#38431;?0年代曾应邀到日本做剪纸表演
 
织花带
织花带是苗族纺织工艺中最复杂的一种苗族织花带的历史悠久,从长沙出土的丝带已得?#21280;?#20998;的应证花带可分黑白花带(棉线花带)和彩色花带(丝线花带)两种黑白花带朴素大方,一般是在家劳动时系用彩色花带,色彩醒目柔软精致,一般是做客或赶场用这两种花带都可采用相同的?#21450;浮?#33457;带一般宽为2-3厘米,长约5尺,但也有宽到3-4厘米的

这种宽花带在禾库地区已经常可以看到,花带越宽,花纹?#21450;?#23601;越复?#21360;?#33457;带用经纬线织成花带的花纹?#21450;?有简单菱形花和犬齿花,也有复杂的"双龙抢宝"六耳格各种花草及文字织花带没有图样,工艺复杂,?#35759;?#22823;但苗族大多数?#20061;?#20173;能掌握 每年?#33322;?#20043;后,苗家七八岁的小女孩就坐在花带木绷上,在长者的指导下学习织花带,到十五六岁对织花带的技巧就掌握得很纯熟了花带不仅是苗族的装饰品,而且是苗族男-女青年恋爱的联系纽带

 
   
 
 
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